- gender injustice, such as violence against women;
- intergenerational disparities affecting children, youth, elderly;
- insecurity, leading to a constantly precarious hold on life's necessities; and
- environmental injustice, the inequitable distribution of burdens carried by communities exposed to pollutants, toxic waste, and environmental disasters.
Boom and bust economies have been associated with a distinctive pattern of disparities, inequalities, and problems of governance that is sometimes called "the resource curse" (for more on this pattern, go to the Public revenues page).
Patterns in the presence of indicators have consistently linked volatile and insecure conditions with loss of social trust and cohesion. These conditions may be accompanied by increased violence and us/them divisions that contribute to the stereotyping and marginalizing of vulnerable populations. Injustice and insecurity hurts everyone, but, women, children, and minorities typically suffer most.
(This beta version of website only includes coal datasets; datasets for the other listed energy sources will be included after the initial review and collaborator input).
Click on "select variable" on upper right hand side of map, to toggle between 2010 rates of poverty: 1) in the whole community; 2) among children under 6, and 3) among adults over 65. This map shows counties which were high, medium, and low producers of coal over the past three decades (indicated with dots on the map). TO GET METRICS FOR ONE COUNTY. CLICK ON THAT COUNTY
Click on "select variable" on upper right hand side of map, to toggle between different measures of housing insecurity at the state level in 2010: renters with severe housing cost burden; owner occupied housing units; foreclosures. Cumulative coal production shown from 1983-2013. TO GET METRICS FOR ONE STATE, CLICK ON THAT STATE.
Click on "select variable" on upper right hand side of map, to toggle between different measures of economic insecurity at the state level in 2010: marginally attached workers (who are unemployed but have given up looking for work); economically disadvantaged students; army recruits. Cumulative coal production shown from 1983-2013. TO GET METRICS FOR ONE STATE, CLICK ON THAT STATE.
Click on "select variable" on upper right hand side of map, to toggle between different measures of violence at the state level in 2010: trauma related deaths; violent crimes; rapes. Cumulative coal production shown from 1983-2013. TO GET METRICS FOR ONE STATE, CLICK ON THAT STATE.
METADATA: Coal production data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) and the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration (downloaded from Historical detailed coal production data (1983-2014) under "Production" tab on http://www.eia.gov/coal/data.cfm. All data used in these indices come from official U.S. government sources—the American Community Survey of the U.S. Census Bureau and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. We have downloaded the datasets from the Measure of America (http://www.measureofamerica.org/maps/)
- trauma-related death rate
- property crime
- homicide by firearm
- child maltreatment
- incarceration rate
- exclusion and access
- 3- and 4-year-olds not enrolled in preschool
- 4th graders reading below proficiency
- high school freshmen not graduating after 4 years
- individuals with home internet access
- less than high school
- high school graduation rate
- technical degree
- college degree
- graduate degree
- school drop-out rate
- economically disadvantaged students
- state spending on academic research and development
- renters spending 30% or more on housing
- homelessness (% of population)
- food-insecure households
- food insecure students
- turnout (% of eligible voters who voted)
- binge drinking (% adults in past 30 days)
- teenagers not in school and not working
- gender rights
- gender inequality
- domestic violence